Electrotherapy is a treatment modality used by physiotherapists to treat injury symptoms. Electrotherapy is a treatment modality which uses electrical energy to have an effect at a cellular level within the injury site. Some of the most common forms of electrotherapy are:
Physiotherapists who use electrotherapy must be competent in using the equipment and be able to provide clinical reasoning for this modality choice. There are a variety of reasons for choosing an electrotherapy modality as a physiotherapist. Some of the most common symptoms that indicate the use for electrotherapy modalities can include:
- Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
- Pulsed Shortwave Therapy
- Laser Therapy
Electrotherapy can have a positive effect on these symptoms reducing swelling, enhancing and optimising tissue healing and decreasing pain. Upon a physiotherapy assessment the physiotherapist will make a clinical judgement on the benefits of electrotherapy and will prescribe as necessary. Electrotherapy treatment will usually be accompanied by exercises and other treatment modalities.
- Soft tissue injury
- Bone injury