Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is usually reported as a gradual onset of pain under the foot due to a build-up of repetitive trauma, commonly involved in running. The impact involved in running results in this repetitive trauma the fascia of the foot which causes thickening and inflammation in the area.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis include:
- An increase in activity levels e.g. standing, walking or running
- A change in surface terrain e.g. from the treadmill to outdoor running on uneven ground or concrete
- A change in trainers
- Wearing old worn trainers or insoles while running
- A sudden over stretching injury of the sole of your foot e.g. during hill sprints or sudden change in direction
- Tightness in the calf muscles when running resulting in increased strain on the fascia
- Having a high BMI can increasing the load on the fascia under the foot
- Development of a bony spur on the heel irritating the plantar fascia (found on X-ray)
Signs and symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis
The typical clinical presentation of Plantar Fasciitis is pain in the sole of the foot and heel, and is often associated with running.
Other signs and symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis include:
- A gradual onset of pain
- Redness and warmth under the foot indicating signs of inflammation of the fascia
- Pain is worse in the morning and eases with movement
- Pain easing during running, however increasing following running
- Pain worse following long periods of standing or walking
- An altered gait or running pattern due to pain, sometimes resulting in a limp
Physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis
Physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis is aimed at reducing foot pain for a quick return to sport and running.
Initially treatment for Plantar Fasciitis consists of rest from aggravation, ice application, pain relieving medication such as ibuprofen and arch supporting insoles where appropriate. However if pain persists following self-management techniques, physiotherapy is the next step for finding the cause of the problem and reducing pain.
Physiotherapy treatment may include:
- Running cuesand drills based on your 3D video analysis
- Strengthening program
- Stretching program
- Deep soft tissue massage
- Joint mobilisation
- Taping to offload the fascia
Benefits of Physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis
There are many benefits of physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis.
Benefits of physiotherapy for Plantar Fasciitis include:
- Elimination of pain
- Return to running or sport
- Normalised walking or running pattern
- Return to normal daily function/work pain free
- Enhanced sporting performance
- Advice/education and home exercises to minimise risk of re-occurrence
To arrange a biomechanical running assessment with one of the specialist physiotherapists, please call Physio.co.uk on 0330 088 7800 today. You can also book appointments online using our online booking system