What is stress incontinence?
Urine is constantly travelling from your kidneys and is collected in your bladder. Your bladder then expands as it fills with urine. The bladder is a muscle and is kept closed by a valve called the sphincter until the bladder becomes full. When the bladder is full, the sphincter opens and urine is taken via a tube called the urethra to be passed.
Stress incontinence in men is when urine accidentally leaks due to a sudden increase in pressure or stress on the bladder, sphincter and urethra. This can occur in incidences such as sudden laughing, coughing or sneezing.
What causes stress incontinence in men?
Stress incontinence in men is caused by weakness of the pelvic floor muscles so that these muscles, the bladder, sphincter and urethra cannot withstand any extra pressure or stress. The extra pressure in the abdomen means that the sphincter has difficulty staying closed and urine is leaked. The amount of urine that is leaked may vary and can either be a small or large quantity.
Stress incontinence in men can be caused by a number of reasons that result in weakening of the pelvic floor muscles.
- SI can be caused by any disease, condition or injury that results in damage to the nerves that activate the muscles in the pelvic area. Diabetes, Parkinson’s, stroke, spinal cord injuries and other neurological conditions are likely to cause decreased bladder control.
The prostate gland surrounds the urethra and is responsible for producing semen.
- Problems with the prostate such as prostate cancer of enlargement of the prostate can cause decreased bladder control. Also, surgery of the prostate can result in significant weakening of the pelvic floor muscles and therefore bladder problems.
What symptoms will I have?
Stress incontinence in men causes symptoms such as leaking of urine when you:
- Cough, laugh or sneeze
- Exercise (particularly jumping)
- Lift or do any movement that puts pressure on the bladder e.g. bending
- During sex
What physiotherapy treatment will I receive for stress incontinence?
If you suffer from stress incontinence then Physio.co.uk will provide you with a personal physiotherapy programme that will include treatment methods which focus on minimising the problems that you are experiencing. Treatment methods include:
- Strengthening exercises for the pelvic floor muscles
- Strengthening exercises for the abdominal muscles
- Bladder training to help the bladder return to normal function
- Biofeedback training to show you how well you are using your pelvic floor muscles
- Electrical stimulation to improve muscle function
- Instruction for home exercise programme to improve pelvic floor function
- Instructions on how to control pelvic floor and abdominal muscles during coughing, sneezing and laughing etc.
- Controlled breathing and relaxation exercises
- Education on how to make lifestyle changes that may affect the bladder
Stress incontinence in men is a urinary disorder that causes urine to leak when the pelvic floor muscles, bladder and surrounding structures are put under extra stress or pressure. Stress incontinence results from weakness of the pelvic floor muscles that is caused by a number of reasons. Physio.co.uk will provide you with a comprehensive physiotherapy programme that aims to minimise any problems you have been experiencing.
Call Physio.co.uk now on 0330 088 7800 for more information or to book an appointment. Alternatively, please make use of our online booking system by making an appointment online today