What is cancer?
Cancer is disease of the cells in the body that causes the cells to grow uncontrollably, develop abnormal sizes and shapes, damage their neighbour cells and ultimately spread to other parts of the body. There are many different types of cancer in children and the main ones include:
- Leukaemia and Lymphomas – which occur in the tissues where white blood cells (which fight infection in the body) are formed, i.e. the bone marrow and lymphatic system. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is the most common type of leukaemia and affects white blood cells called lymphocytes. This causes fever, infection, fatigue, and pain in the bones or joints, sometimes causing a limp.
- Brain tumour – is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain and can be benign or malignant. Malignant tumours are made up of cancerous cells which grow rapidly and invade surrounding tissue. Benign tumours are noncancerous which grow slower than malignant tumours. Depending on the area of the brain affected brain tumours may cause headaches, seizures, balance problems, muscle weakness, difficulty standing and walking and slurred speech.
Other less common cancers in children include:
- Neuroblastoma - The disease originates in the adrenal gland in the kidneys other sites of sympathetic nervous tissue. The most common site is the abdomen but can also be found in the chest, neck, pelvis, or other sites.
- Retinoblastoma is a rare tumour of the eye which develops in the cells of the retina.
- Wilm’s tumour is cancer of the kidney.
- Osteosarcoma and Ewings sarcoma - is cancer of the bone.
Physiotherapy for childhood cancer
Physio.co.uk provide specialised and individualised physiotherapy treatment for children with different types of cancer. Every child with cancer is different so physiotherapy treatment will depend on your child's individual symptoms and needs. Physiotherapy treatment at Physio.co.uk will focus on maximising your child's physical potential by helping:
- Improve fitness and energy levels to reduce fatigue and stiffness
- Reduce pain
- Maximise mobility
- Improve balance and coordination
- Increase muscle strength and flexibility
- Facilitate normal movement
- Increase independence with everyday tasks
- Enhance confidence and sense of well being
- Improve quality of life
- Exercises to build stamina and strength to reduce fatigue and weakness
- Muscle stretching to help lengthen tight muscles and relive pain and stiffness
- Activities to improve balance and coordination
- Advice on posture in different positions such as lying, sitting and standing to increase comfort
- Gait re-training
- Teaching transfers if necessary (bed mobility, getting on and off toilet, in and out of the bath/shower)
- Advice on orthotics devices and walking aids
- Hydrotherapy treatment to reduce muscles stiffness and maximise muscle strength and flexibility in a relaxing environment.
To find out more information or to arrange an appointment please call 0330 088 7800, or book online today!